Autism Spectrum Disorder

Autism Spectrum Disorder

  • You may find students having difficulty with:
    • Communicating efficiently and clearly
    • Planning and organizing large assignments, essays, or projects
    • Regulation of behavior and amount of participation during class time
    • Making peer connections
    • Applying concepts to real life scenarios
    • Eye contact
    • Sitting still or refraining from repetitive behaviors
    • Interpreting idioms, metaphors, sarcasm, humor, double meanings, slang
    • Asking for help
    • Abstract thinking and/or understanding how little details fit into the ‘big picture’
    • Transitioning between tasks, classes, or assignments
    • Fine motor skills
  • Considerations for Instruction
    • Clearly define course requirements including dates of exams, quizzes, and assignments
    • Give advanced notice of any changes to dates or deadlines in verbal and written formats
    • Use concrete language and avoid using metaphors, slang, idioms without an explanation
    • Be concise and direct when giving feedback
    • Make sure all expectations are direct and explicit – don’t expect student to generalize a rule from one assignment or situation to the next
    • If student’s behavior is inappropriate, meet with student individually and give a specific example of why the behavior is not okay and identify the behavior that is appropriate to do instead
    • Give options  for students to work individually instead of in groups, when possible
    • Students may need assistance with classmate interaction
    • If student doesn’t understand the appropriate participation level, give specific expectations(ie. You can answer up to 3 questions per class to allow others a chance)
    • Work with student to set up a cue so that they know if they need to stop an inappropriate behavior (ie. John, if you have talked too many times in class, I will come and quietly tap my pen on your desk while I continue teaching.  This means that you need to stop answering questions)
  • Accommodations May Include:
    • Copies of Classmate’s or instructor’s notes and/or Power Points
    • Audio-recording lectures
    • Use of lap top for note taking
    • Extended time on tests
    • Low distraction testing environment
    • Pre-defined cues for behavior management
    • Use of computer for written exams